The Barossa Valley is also known as the Valley Floor. It stretches from Williamstown in the south almost to Kapunda and Truro in the north. It follows a classic topography; from south to north. The valley floor varies by a maximum of one hundred metres, averaging two hundred and seventy four metres above sea level. With distinct fertile soil types - grey and brown clays, red brown earths and yellow sands - and a generally uniform warm climate, the region has a long history of viticulture and winemaking which has been a major influencer on the Australian wine industry.
The Eden Valley is also known as the Barossa Ranges. It encompasses land from Truro in the north almost to Mount Pleasant in the south. Its elevation is between three hundred and eighty and six hundred and twenty nine metres above sea level. Most winegrowing areas are located in the higher end of the region. The soils are rocky and acidic. Winter rainfall is abundant and averages more than the Barossa Valley, temperatures are cooler and the growing season is longer. The term Eden Valley was first used in the early 1950's to describe this region, referring to the proximity of vineyards to the township bearing that name.
For more information on the Barossa and Eden Valleys please visit these pages: